He is a long-time associate of the Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding, as well as a member of the Committee, a group of respected Ethiopian elders who work for reconciliation among the various ethnic groups within Ethiopia and between Ethiopia and her neighbors. Kambon was born Joseph A. Baldwin in Jasper, Alabama, in Writing as Joseph A. According to this idea, when an African individual is socially conditioned to accept the alien European worldview, psychopathology and self-hatred are the inevitable result.
He has also warned against less radical approaches to black psychology, which mix Eurocentric and Africentric psychological perspectives, as potentially damaging to African American patients. He has published more than 60 scholarly articles in edited volumes and peer-reviewed journals, and is a past National President of the Association of Black Psychologists.
Keller was born in St. Keller specializes in comparative politics; his area of particular interest is Africa. In addition, he has done public policy work with the UN, and consulted on African Development, regional security issues, public policy, and the process of political transitions in Africa.
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Keller is the author or co-author of more than 50 peer-reviewed articles in edited volumes and journals, and is the author or co-editor of some 10 books see below. During a long career of distinguished service, he has sat on the editorial boards of around a dozen academic journals and on the boards of directors and advisory committees of a great number of academic and governmental bodies, both US and international. Kennedy was born in Columbia, South Carolina, in Albans School.
Appointed a Rhodes Scholar, he studied history at Oxford University for two academic years — After obtaining his law degree, Kennedy clerked for Judge J.
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Kennedy is currently Michael R. Kennedy has taught courses in the areas of contracts, freedom of expression, race relations law, civil rights legislation, and the Supreme Court. For example, he has argued that due to ongoing unfairness in the way the criminal justice system is administered, affirmative action may be a rational form of redress in many cases. At the same time, he acknowledges the fact that blacks commit a disproportionate amount of the crimes against persons and property that are most feared by citizens of all races, and that this reality should not be simply ignored.
However, while continuing to call the shots as he sees them, Kennedy remains emphatic on one point that he shares in common with his harshest critics:. McWhorter was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in He earned his PhD in linguistics in from Stanford University. McWhorter left his tenured position at Berkeley and accepted an appointment as Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature in the Center for American Studies at Columbia University in order to be in New York City, which is the epicenter of his career as a public intellectual see below.
McWhorter has taught courses on many subjects, including linguistics, American studies, philosophy, and music history. He is best known to the general public, however, as a popularizer of linguistics, and especially as a cultural critic. In the former capacity, one of his main themes is countering the Whorf-Sapir hypothesis, according to which human thought itself is strongly shaped by language The Language Hoax , Another is countering the notion that language is static, and that forms of language associated with minority cultures are somehow inferior to the mainstream cultural form Word on the Street , ; Words on the Move , ; Talk Back, Talk Black , In the latter capacity of general cultural critic, McWhorter has entered more controversial territory by discussing black self-sabotage Losing the Race , and by advancing a moderately conservative viewpoint on such sensitive topics as racial profiling, affirmative action, the reparations movement, and the corruption of certain older Civil Rights—era activists like Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton Authentically Black , He is the author of some 18 books not counting audiobooks and DVD courses , many aimed at a popular audience.
McWhorter also makes frequent appearances on radio and television talk shows and other programs. After teaching for some years, she began working as an editor for Random House, where she rose to become Senior Editor of the fiction department. She published her first novel, The Bluest Eye , in A stream of highly acclaimed novels followed, including Beloved , considered by many her masterpiece, which in won both the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award.
In , Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Morrison is currently Robert F. In addition to her distinguished career as a novelist, Morrison has also pursued a parallel career as a teacher, literary theorist, and cultural critic.
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In the latter capacity, she has published numerous essays on a wide variety of topics, and has edited a large number of volumes by other writers. Her two most important collections of essays are Playing in the Dark see below and The Origin of Others. Simpson case. Morrison has also been heavily concerned with freedom of publication issues around the world, as is evidenced by another collection of writings she has edited entitled Burn This Book: PEN Writers Speak Out on the Power of the Word.
Two volumes of edited conversations with her have also been published. To all of her non-fiction writing, Morrison brings the rhetorical grace, the commanding authorial voice, the profound insight into human nature, and above all the infinite capacity for empathy of a literary artist of the highest caliber. In addition to the awards and prizes already mentioned, Morrison has won a great many other honors, both here and abroad.
Her work has been very widely translated, and her achievement has been recognized with many honorary degrees and memberships in professional and national academies, both American and foreign. In , she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Sharpe was born in New York City, but was raised in Virginia. More specifically, she has paid particular attention to the academic labor market as it relates to African American women.
And within this special emphasis on the university as a professional milieu, she has further focused on black women in the STEM fields. However, from time to time her research has ranged far more widely, reflecting her broad concern with the causes of poverty globally. For example, she has co-authored a study on the wage differential between urban and rural-urban migrant laborers in China,  as well as the article on global poverty for an important new encyclopedia on gender and sexuality studies. Sharpe has co-authored or co-edited two books see below , and authored or co-authored many peer-reviewed articles, which have appeared in the American Journal of Economics and Sociology , the Review of Black Political Economy , and the Journal of Diversity in Higher Education , among other places.
She has also co-authored chapters in five prominent edited volumes, in addition to the encyclopedia entry mentioned above. Sowell was born in Gastonia, North Carolina, in Sowell is one of the most influential classical or free-market economists writing today. His many books are models of clarity of thought and exposition, and he largely succeeds in his goal of making the often-difficult concepts of economics accessible to a wide reading public. His classic textbook, Basic Economics see below , is now in its fifth edition. In addition to his work as an economist, Sowell is deeply learned in both history and political theory, and brings his expertise in all three fields to bear on a broad spectrum of social issues.
Generally speaking, he is skeptical of government efforts to influence society for the better, pointing to the unintended consequences of government programs, as well as the fact that government agencies tend to put their own welfare above that of the clients they exist to serve. He does not like political labels, but has stated that he feels most affinity with the libertarian position. In a hard-hitting trilogy of books A Conflict of Visions , The Vision of the Anointed , and The Quest for Cosmic Justice , Sowell passes harsh judgment on intellectuals who derive a sense of their own moral superiority from their utopian schemes, though they themselves will not have to live with the too-often harmful consequences of those schemes.
In addition to his many books on economics and cultural criticism, he has written an engaging memoir A Personal Odyssey.
Sowell has published many articles in peer-reviewed journals, as well as more than 40 books for both academic and popular audiences, several of which have been translated into foreign languages. His writing, which is characteristically sharp, pithy, and replete with well-turned phrases, has been widely mined for captivating quotations. In , he was awarded the National Humanities Medal. Steele was born in Chicago, Illinois, in Having taught psychology for nearly 40 years at various institutions, including the University of Washington, the University of Michigan, and Stanford University, Steele served as Provost of Columbia University from until , and as Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost of UC-Berkeley from until He is currently I.
However, he is best known for his ground-breaking work on stereotype threat, a concept he originated in a much-cited paper from This experienced anxiety may then itself lead to poor performance, making stereotype threat into a sort of self-fulfilling prophecy. There has been some discussion in the literature about the prevalence and seriousness of stereotype threat, and some questions have been raised about the empirical validity of the studies upon which Steele based his conclusions. However, on the whole, the psychological community has taken his highly original ideas on board, and they have become a mainstay of the analysis of the social psychology of race.
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Steele has written one book for a popular audience see below , and is the author or co-author of around 80 articles published in peer-reviewed journals and edited volumes. Steele has received honorary degrees from many universities, including the University of Chicago, Princeton, and Yale.
She obtained her PhD in anthropology in from Columbia University. She taught at New York University and the University of Michigan before moving to Lincoln University, where she served as President from until For her doctoral dissertation, in Sudarkasa traveled to Nigeria to do field work on the Yoruba language and culture.
While in Nigeria, she attained a working conversational knowledge of Yoruba. She returned to West Africa in the late s to do more research, this time focusing primarily on migration and trade, in Nigeria, the Ivory Coast, and elsewhere. In , Sudarkasa received the signal honor of being recognized as a Chief of the historic Ife Kingdom of the Yoruba people. The recipient of some 13 honorary doctorates, Sudarkasa has published nearly a dozen books, pamphlets, and reports, in addition to numerous peer-reviewed articles for scholarly journals. She sits on the board of directors of a number of academic and professional organizations, including the Academy for Educational Development.
After teaching for a time in both black studies and psychology departments at UC-Santa Barbara and elsewhere, she was hired by Mount Holyoke College, where she taught psychology for a number of years before moving into university administration, eventually attaining the office of Acting-President of the College. In , she was named the Mimi and Peter E. Currently, Tatum, who holds the title President Emerita of Spelman College, focuses on her work as an author and lecturer. More specifically, she has been in the forefront of arguing that racial differences are something young children notice on their own, and that it is better to discuss them openly and honestly than to pretend they do not exist.
In a widely cited article published in , she explained that she felt personally called to facilitate constructive discussion of race in the classroom, despite the discomfort this may cause both teachers and students:.
lippdimazna.tk I was convinced that helping students understand the ways in which racism operates in their own lives, and what they could do about it, was a social responsibility that I should accept. Tatum has also been influential in applying William E. Cross, Jr. The recipient of numerous grants, fellowships, and awards, Tatum has published three books, as well as many articles in peer-reviewed journals and edited volumes. She has served on the boards of numerous public and governmental organizations.
West was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in , but grew up in California. He earned his PhD in philosophy in from Princeton University. West has had two careers: an early career as a conventional if radical philosophy professor and a later career as one of the most visible African American public intellectuals in the US. The continuity between these two careers lies in his basic orientation towards a radical Marxist-inspired critique of racism within the broader context of capitalist imperialism. During this early phase of his career, West was also a close student and critic of the American pragmatist and French-inspired postmodernist strains of thought.
During this phase of his career, he sought a more committed style of philosophical engagement, often extending his radical critique of American society and politics to the Democratic Party itself, and even to former President Barack Obama, whom West once famously called:.